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Cirugía Plástica Ibero-Latinoamericana

versión On-line ISSN 1989-2055versión impresa ISSN 0376-7892

Resumen

ALCOCER, Priscilla et al. Radioinduced burns. Cir. plást. iberolatinoam. [online]. 2020, vol.46, suppl.1, pp.107-114.  Epub 22-Jun-2020. ISSN 1989-2055.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4321/s0376-78922020000200017.

This article includes a broad and descriptive review of radiation from its basic conception, characteristics, classification, sources, equipment, radioactive elements and the biological effects on humans.

The difference between ionizing and non-ionizing radiation lies in the amount of energy of the individual photon and not in the amount of total energy.

Non-ionizing radiation is characterized by not having enough energy to convert atoms or molecules to ions; however they are capable of producing heat, useful in physiological and aesthetic treatments, with the possibility of producing burns and other injuries that are still under study. Among the non-ionizing radiation sources, we have visible light, laser, infrared light, microwave and mobile phone.

The various diagnostic and treatment equipment used in Medicine such as X-rays, radiotherapy, nuclear medicine, or in the case of nuclear accidents and radioactive wars, can generate ionizing type radiation that breaks chemical bonds, with the consequent development of biological lesions that may be severe.

Palabras clave : Burns; Radiation; Ionizing radiation; Non ionizing radiation.

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