Medicina y Seguridad del Trabajo
versión impresa ISSN 0465-546X
VAZQUEZ DIAZ, Antonio Joaquín et al. Motivational psychosocial factors and health status. Med. segur. trab. [online]. 2010, vol.56, n.218, pp.12-21. ISSN 0465-546X.
We know the existence of organizations (Human Service Organizations-HSO henceforth) characterized by emotional and psychosocial demands that require professionals who work there, seriously impacting on their productivity, quality of life and mental health. This also represents a negative impact on users of those services. Therefore, it is necessary to identify psychosocial factors associated with mental health professionals HSO, the objective of this work. We evaluated professionals in Health (Nursing, Clinical Assistants) and Education (Senior technicians in Early Childhood Education, Psychologists, Teachers, Educators, Social Workers, etc.) belonging to different centers of Andalusia Public Administration. The evaluation of psychosocial factors of worker motivation was performed using a scale developed by "ourselves". The assessment of a mental health questionnaire was conducted with the 28-item Goldberg (GHQ-28). The results showed that 79.2% of the participants had more than 7 points in the GHQ-28. Among the motivational factors found to be more binding (in order of highest to lowest): p46 ( "My professional development allows me to reconcile my personal life", r = -0.33), p13 ( "Work has more advantages than disadvantages", r=-0,314), p18 ( "I am privy to the successes and failures of the results of my work", r = -0,282), p25 ("I feel part of a team), p32 ("The boss solves the problems effectively ", r = -0,269), p26 ("I can easily express my opinions in my workplace ", r = -0,262). We conclude that psychosocial variables account for motivational factors to be considered in defining the health status of HSO professionals.
Palabras clave : Occupational Health; work stress; job satisfaction; work motivation; Occupational Diseases.