SciELO - Scientific Electronic Library Online

 
vol.57 número223Problemática multifactorial del absentismo laboral, el presentismo y la procrastinación en las estructuras en que se desenvuelve el trabajadorIncidencia de notificación de situaciones conflictivas con los ciudadanos en el área 6 de la comunidad autónoma de Madrid índice de autoresíndice de materiabúsqueda de artículos
Home Pagelista alfabética de revistas  

Servicios Personalizados

Articulo

Indicadores

Links relacionados

  • En proceso de indezaciónCitado por Google
  • No hay articulos similaresSimilares en SciELO
  • En proceso de indezaciónSimilares en Google

Compartir


Medicina y Seguridad del Trabajo

versión impresa ISSN 0465-546X

Resumen

REGAL RAMOS, Raúl Jesús. Cancer patients with absolut permanent incapacity: epidemiology, survival and monitoring work disability. Med. segur. trab. [online]. 2011, vol.57, n.223, pp.121-133. ISSN 0465-546X.

Each year the incidence of cancer in Spain increases, as well as the survival, and at the same time the economic cost due to Absolute Permanent Disability (APD) caused by these diseases. Objective: Know the epidemiological characteristics of cancer patients with APD and what variables are associated to survival beyond 5 years, in order to establish criteria for the review of the working capacity of these patients. Method: We analyzed all patients evaluated in the Medical Unit of The National Institute of Social Security in Madrid in 2005, under 55 years of age, with the diagnosis of neoplasic disease and whose final evaluation was APD. We analyzed the following variables: age, sex, marital status, occupation, type of Social Security affiliation, type of cancer (distinguishing whether it was widespread and / or had had relapses), the presence of other associated diseases, the presence of other conditions which in themselves were constitutive of APD and finally the survival beyond 5 years. Among the patients who were alive in November 2010 we studied the relationship of variables with the survival and evolution of the degree of disability. Results: The total number of patients studied was 212. The most frequent type of tumors in women were breast and lung cancer and in men lung and colon-rectum. The 5-year survival was 30 %.This survival decreases with age, depending on the type of tumor, the presence of metastasis and / or relapses and the presence of comorbidity. Tumors that cause most number of deaths are lung cancer in men and breast cancer in women. Regarding the followup of disability, 54 % (35 of 64) of the survivors had not been reviewed and had no sequels or other conditions constituting APD. Conclusion: Medical evaluation must be adapted to changes in the evolution of these patients and must do so by updating oncological training and increasing medical reviews. These reviews may be established at the same time as the disability rating or later on, after selecting those cases where with a reasonable survival and age, do not exhibit other limitations constitutive of APD.

Palabras clave : Cancer; Disability; Neoplasia; Prognosis.

        · resumen en Español     · texto en Español     · Español ( pdf )

 

Creative Commons License Todo el contenido de esta revista, excepto dónde está identificado, está bajo una Licencia Creative Commons