Medicina y Seguridad del Trabajo
versión impresa ISSN 0465-546X
DESCHAMPS PERDOMO, Ambar; OLIVARES ROMAN, Sahilyn B.; ROSA ZABALA, Kelman Luis De la y ASUNSOLO DEL BARCO, Ángel. Influence of shift work and night shifts in the onset of the Burnout Syndrome in doctors and nurses. Med. segur. trab. [online]. 2011, vol.57, n.224, pp.224-241. ISSN 0465-546X. http://dx.doi.org/10.4321/S0465-546X2011000300004.
Society today works 24 hours a day, forcing organizations and their employees to submit work schedules that go against the natural rhythm of life. Shift work and night work, is an issue that is becoming important, as there are important consequences in physical and mental health of those who work this way. Objective: Analyze the existing scientific evidence of the influence of shift work and night shifts in the onset of burnout syndrome among physicians and nurses. Method: Several databases have been reviewed (Medline, Pubmed, Lilacs, Cochrane), with specific descriptors and bibliography has been obtained according to the criteria of inclusion. Results: 40 articles were located, of which 16 (40%) were studies of nurses and 24 (60%) of physicians, mostly physicians studying their specialty. There seems to be a relationship of the influence of shift work and night shifts with the appearance of burnout syndrome in doctors and nurses. Conclusions: The identification of psychosocial risk factors to which physicians may be exposed will allow us to take preventive measures that can be usefull to improve health and quality of life of this professional group.
Palabras clave : shift work; Night Work; Burnout Syndrome; Sleep Disorders.