Medicina y Seguridad del Trabajo
versión impresa ISSN 0465-546X
MARCHENA APARICIO, José Carlos et al. Permanent incapacity in a public company from 1995-2009. Med. segur. trab. [online]. 2011, vol.57, n.224, pp.256-264. ISSN 0465-546X. http://dx.doi.org/10.4321/S0465-546X2011000300006.
Objectives: The quantifying relationship between health, working environment and work capacity allows us to unravel important aspects of permanent incapacity (PI). One of the objectives of this study is to describe working population characteristics of the Provincial Council of Cadiz who were granted permanent incapacity from 1995 to 2009. Method: A retrospective descriptive study was carried out amongst all the workers with PI in the period described with the following variables taken into account: gender, age, time working for the company, type of occupation, cause of PI, temporary work incapacity (TWI) days and number of TWI in the last 5 years that have been recorded in the company´s archives. Results: The number of PI granted to workers was 192, 53,1% of which were women; 59,9% officials. The average age of workers who were granted PI was 54,06 years having worked in the company for an average of 24,98 years. Within the company most PIs' were manual labor, 44,8%; the most frequent type of pathology for PI was musculoskeletal (29,7%) followed by neoplasia (23,4%) and mental diseases (18,8%), the last one in particular was associated to gender (p= 0,006), the type of work done (p=0,007), the age of PI acceptance (p<0,001) and the grade assigned (p<0,000). Conclusion: This study shows us signs regarding the frequency and the distribution of social demographic factors as well as signs belonging to the PI process. This enables us to see some key aspects to be taken into account from the point of view of prevention.
Palabras clave : Sick Leave; Disability Insurance; Disability Assessment; Local Government.