Medicina y Seguridad del Trabajo
versión impresa ISSN 0465-546X
BETZABE PEREZ-MANRIQUEZ, Gabriela et al. Diagnostic of risk factor related to the accidentes of hand in workers of solf-drinks industry. Med. segur. trab. [online]. 2012, vol.58, n.226, pp.13-26. ISSN 0465-546X. http://dx.doi.org/10.4321/S0465-546X2012000100003.
With the purpose of deepen on the recognize of risk factors from this kind of business and from this specific activities, to prevent and minimize the health effects integrally at the industries, the present work pretend to determine the risk factors potentially related with hand accidents. Objective: Determine the risk factors related to the accidents of hand to identify and establish the risks allowing decrease the possibility of accidents in hand through the modification, elimination and or control of present factors. Material and methods: Observational, descriptive and longitudinal study develop in worker population of sales area, composed by 206 helpers and 81 agents, cooperative producers of soft drinks and carbonated beverages in México City, in a period between 2007-2009. Was employed the Freeman Modified Method for the Situational Diagnostic. Results: The risk factor related to hand accidents determined by the application of Freeman Modified Method in sales area according to the organization: were first derived from the psychosocial labor organization (accelerated pace of activity) and the Insecure Condition (transfer of the personnel within the rear bumper of the truck); second were found ergonomics (repetitive movements and manual handling of loads), along with Insecure Act (omission of the use of personal protection equipment), and the Insecure Condition (kind of unity, door and material transported, and lack of training); finally, in third psychosocial of Labor Organization (indefinite at least 8 hours maximum of 14) and unsafe (sharp boxes). Conclusions: The risk factors presents in the generation of hand accidents in sales area of a soft drink industry are: primarily psychosocial factors due to the rhythm of the activity; unsafe condition due to lack of safety regulation. In second place ergonomic factors and unsafe acts by omission of use of personal protective equipment and unsafe condition, specifically lack of training and use of unsafe resources provided to the worker. Third place, psychosocial factors due to over 8 hours and under 14 hours working day. Mentioned risk factors should be diagnosed promptly and to evidence in companies engages in the production of fruit drinks and carbonated, which seek to reduce work accidents though preventive and corrective measures.
Palabras clave : risk factors; hand accidents.