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Medicina y Seguridad del Trabajo

On-line version ISSN 1989-7790Print version ISSN 0465-546X

Abstract

ORDAZ CASTILLO, Elena  and  MAQUEDA BLASCO, Jerónimo. Working conditions in the public road transport. Med. segur. trab. [online]. 2014, vol.60, n.234, pp.90-98. ISSN 1989-7790.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4321/S0465-546X2014000100008.

Aims: Characterize the working conditions in public road transport bus drivers and compare them with a control group obtained from the national work force. Methodology: survey of intercity bus drivers to determine the perceived morbidity and work-related factors that increase the risk of these professionals. A randomized sample of 1428 bus drivers was interviewed by means of a questionnaire (personal interview). Our control group was obtained from the VI National Survey of Working Conditions (VI-ENCT/INSHT). The surveys were done in males aged between 25 and 65 to ensure the comparability between our study and VIENCT. Appropriate statistical calculations included: X2 for difference of proportions, t-test of mean difference between categorical and numerical variables and risk estimation using the OR adjusted for age. Results:The mean age in bus drivers was statistically higher than the reference population. Bus drivers perceived more frequently than the control group that work conditions affects their health (ORaj = 1,54 ([1,36-1,76]). Likewise, they have higher physical and mental loads than the control group (p = 0.000) and a higher prevalence of threats of physical violence. Ergonomic job details (space, seating comfort and lighting) were also statistically worst rated among drivers. Conclusions: These results evidence that intercity bus drivers are older than the control group and they have worst ergonomic, physical and mental work-conditions, all of them are essential indicators to establish prevention road accidents programs.

Keywords : bus drivers; public road transport; working conditions.

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