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Medicina y Seguridad del Trabajo

versión On-line ISSN 1989-7790versión impresa ISSN 0465-546X

Resumen

PALACIOS-NAVA, Martha Edilia  y  PAZ-ROMAN, María del Pilar. Working conditions, stress and psychosomatic symptoms in hospitals physicians from Mexico City. Med. segur. trab. [online]. 2014, vol.60, n.235, pp.322-334. ISSN 1989-7790.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4321/S0465-546X2014000200005.

Introduction: Stress can affect any occupational group. Nevertheless the health professionals have a greater predisposition due to the characteristics of their job. Objective: To evaluate the stress and its relation with working conditions and psychosomatic manifestations in physicians. Methodology: A cross sectional study was conducted with 724 residents and medical doctors from Mexico City hospitals. We applied a questionnaire about working conditions, also it was applied the Wolfang stress inventory for health professionals and the Kroenke questionnaire for psychosomatic symptoms. Results: We found high consistency in Wolfing and Kroenke inventories; 61% of physicians showed moderate stress, 15% had high stress. We found statistically significant differences in stress and symptoms severity between residents and doctors. Also there were differences among who worked between 71 and 85 hours per week, those who perform guards, rotating shifts and had no breaks during the day. An association between stress levels and severity of symptoms also was found. Conclusions: The working conditions of the residents showed a greater association with stress and symptoms. The results showed the importance of working conditions on the health of physicians.

Palabras clave : Stress; psychosomatic symptoms; physician work.

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