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Medicina y Seguridad del Trabajo

versión On-line ISSN 1989-7790versión impresa ISSN 0465-546X

Resumen

GONZALEZ SANCHEZ, Jesús. Analysis of the healthy lifestyles of workers exposed to occupational carcinogens in the province of Salamanca. Med. segur. trab. [online]. 2014, vol.60, n.235, pp.344-357. ISSN 1989-7790.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4321/S0465-546X2014000200007.

Objectives: Knowing the lifestyles of those protected by external prevention services in the province of Salamanca workers. Compare groups of workers exposed and not exposed to occupational carcinogens. Methods: Observational epidemiological survey was conducted descriptive cross. The selection of the sample was stratified random sampling by workers belonging to prevention services outside of the province of Salamanca. Variables collected by questionnaire: sociodemographic characteristics, exposure to occupational carcinogens and lifestyle, using as a source of clinical information labor stories. Results: 32% of the 835 workers studied was exposed to some occupational carcinogen. Workers exposed to carcinogens and that belong to the service sector reported a higher smoking (44.7%), however, the non-exposed workers who belong to the agriculture and livestock sector, reported a higher consumption of alcohol (58.8%). In total, workers not exposed to carcinogens usually perform a balanced (74.6%) diet compared to exposed workers (61.8%). Performing physical activity is similar in both groups of workers. Conclusions: Exposure to occupational carcinogens is a factor that can influence certain lifestyle habits among workers, as in smoking, drinking and making balanced diet regularly.

Palabras clave : Occupational health; occupational diseases; labor cancer; risk factors; prevention services.

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