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Medicina y Seguridad del Trabajo

versión On-line ISSN 1989-7790versión impresa ISSN 0465-546X

Resumen

PEREZ MOROTE, M.ª Luz; LOPEZ-TORRES HIDALGO, Jesús  y  LOPEZ VERDEJO, M.ª Ángeles. Analyses of the sociosanitary variables associated with the permanency in temporary disability. Med. segur. trab. [online]. 2015, vol.61, n.239, pp.184-194. ISSN 1989-7790.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4321/S0465-546X2015000200005.

Introduction: The temporary disability (IT) refers to a process of multifactorial origin. AIM: To evaluate this process in relation with the corresponding disease, health status, labor satisfaction, locus of control profile and socio-demographic characteristics. Methods: A prospective observational cohort study was performed on 404 patients in IT. We carried out an analysis of survival describing the evolution of the participants as well as their permanency in IT. Results: The permanency average in IT was significantly high (p <0,05) in subjects with a lower level of instruction (9,4 months), manual workers (8,5 months), over 60 years old (10,0 months), labor unsatisfied patients (9,3 months), with low health self-awareness (10,2 months), consumers of chronic medication (10,6 months), smokers (9,3 months) and consumers of not institutionalized drugs (10,5 months). After the multivariate analysis, they associate the diseases of the locomotive device, the cardiorespiratory system or psychological problems, a high level of instruction, a good auto perception of health and the abstention in the consumption of toxins to a minor duration of the IT. Conclusions: Besides the disease, other factors related to the perception of the health status, socio-demographic characteristics and the way of life, influence in a significant way the reincorporation of a worker to his labor activity.

Palabras clave : labor absenteeism; professional disability; labor health.

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