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Medicina y Seguridad del Trabajo

versión On-line ISSN 1989-7790versión impresa ISSN 0465-546X

Resumen

REGAL RAMOS, Raúl Jesús. Psychiatric disorders reagents to labor unrest: epidemiological characteristics of patients evaluated in the Medical Assessment Disability Unit of Madrid. Med. segur. trab. [online]. 2015, vol.61, n.239, pp.220-232. ISSN 1989-7790.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4321/S0465-546X2015000200008.

The increasing incidence of working disability arising from psychiatric disorders and its relation with labor environment invites to go deeper in its study. Objective: To determine the epidemiological characteristics of patients with psychiatric disorders reagents to labor unrest. Material and methods: A descriptive study of patients evaluated in the Disability Assessment Team (EVI) of the Provincial Directorate of the National Institute of Social Security in Madrid with diagnosis of reactive psychiatric disorders reagents to labor unrest from 2005 to 2013 was developed. Out of these patients the variables age, gender, professional occupation, marital status, psychiatric diagnosis and the presence of other previous variables or without regard to the labor unrest (personality disorder / features personality, ± fibromyalgia chronic fatigue syndrome, dysthymia, hypothyroidism and irritable colon) were studied. Results: The total number of patients studied was 254. The results show a downward trend in the number of cases in the study period. The median age of the sample was 46 years. Within the sample we see that the male / female ratio is 1.7 / 1 and the unmarried / married ratio 1.6 / 1. 70% of psychiatric pathology reactive labor unrest is diagnosed TAD (38%) or SAD (32%). Compared to the prevalence of the variables in the general working population in our environment, the results of this study show 18.3% more women (p = 0.0091, OR = 1.40), 25% more than unmarried (p = 0.004; OR = 1.69), up 24% over administrative occupations (p = 0.0001; RP: 3.2), 3% more than TP diagnoses (p = 0, 5060; RP = 1.3), 4.5% more than FM and CFS (p = 0.1261; RP 2.8) and 2% more than dysthymia (p = 0.4951; RP: 1, 5). Conclusions: Bibliographic data consulted and the results of this study allow us to hypothesize that woman, aged 35-50, with an administrative occupation and previous diagnoses of personality disorder, fibromyalgia or dysthymia, are at a higher risk of developing a psychiatric disorder reactive to labor dispute.

Palabras clave : Disability; Depression; Occupational health; Stress.

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