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Medicina y Seguridad del Trabajo

versión On-line ISSN 1989-7790versión impresa ISSN 0465-546X

Resumen

COLLADO HERNANDEZ, Belén  y  TORRE RUGARCIA, Yolanda. Attitudes toward the risk prevention in health professionals in cases of epidemiological alert. Med. segur. trab. [online]. 2015, vol.61, n.239, pp.233-253. ISSN 1989-7790.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4321/S0465-546X2015000200009.

Objectives: To explore the scientific evidence regarding the behavior of health professionals in pandemic situations. Identify areas of improvement for the strengthening of health professionals before pandemic situations. Secondary Objectives: To identify the psychosocial impact, adoption and adherence to preventive measures and vaccination programs. Methods: Systematic review of the scientific literature collected in the MEDLINE (PubMed), Scopus and Cochrane Library Plus data until December 2014.The terms used as descriptors were: "Disease Outbreaks", "Coronavirus, sars", "Severe acute Respiratory Syndrome", "Influenza virus, subtype H1N2", "Health occupations", "Emergencies, Infectious disease transmission", "patient-to-professional", "Infectious disease transmission, professional-to-patient". Results: 181 references after the elimination of duplicates and application of the criteria for inclusion and exclusion and analysis of quality using the STROBE criteria, was a final collection of 17 articles were retrieved.The level of evidence found according to Sign Criteria is three as it is in all cases of cross-sectional studies. 11 Authors refer to psychosocial effects, 3-vaccination and 12 to adherence to preventive measures. In general preventive measures in the two pandemics were well appreciated and followed by professionals. A significant burden of stress for fear of getting sick is generated; infect their families and high workload. Low adherence to vaccination programs and use of scientific literature. Conclusions: It would be advisable to improve communication about preventive measures in times of pandemic to increase adherence and psychological support to health workers.

Palabras clave : Disease outbreaks; Coronavirus; SARS; Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome; Influenza a virus; H1N2 subtype; Health occupations.

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