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Medicina y Seguridad del Trabajo

On-line version ISSN 1989-7790Print version ISSN 0465-546X


RUBIO-GARLITO, M.ª Avelina; GUERRERO-BARONA, Eloísa Julia  and  MORENO-GOMEZ, Antonio José. Analysis of employee absenteeism caused by temporary disability in university staff. Med. segur. trab. [online]. 2015, vol.61, n.241, pp.436-447. ISSN 1989-7790.

Objetives: Describe the work absenteeism for temporary disability; the evolution of Absolute Absenteeism Rate is also analyzed, taking into account the potential influence of the new 2012 temporary disability regulation. Methods: 2055 processes of temporary disability recorded during 2009-2013 which are analyzed by means of an epidemiological exploratory study (prevalence). It describes off-work frequency and duration as related to demographic and labor variables. The evolution of Absolute Absenteeism Rate was determined by calculating the same in each year of the study period. Results: The higher frequency of temporary disability is recorded between 50 and 64 years; 57.8 % of the processes are women and 42.2 % men. The personnel of administration and services record 52% of the processes and professors and researchers 48%.In terms of the employee absenteeism rate, a progressive rise occurs during 2009-2012, decreasing considerably in 2013. Conclusions: There is an increase in the temporary disability due to factors such as age, that women employees present a higher rate of absences than men and that the personnel of administration and services present a higher rate of absences than professors and researchers. The descent of the employee absenteeism rate in 2013 might be due to the effects of the Royal Decree-Law 20/2012, so that UEx employees would go to work, even without being in optimal conditions (Presenteeism), as to avoid a reduction in their salary.

Keywords : Absenteeism; epidemiological study; temporary disability; presenteeism.

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