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Medicina y Seguridad del Trabajo

versión On-line ISSN 1989-7790versión impresa ISSN 0465-546X


ARENAL GOTA, Tania; VIANA GARRIZ, Juan Luis  y  BELZUNEGUI OTANO, Tomás. Emergency Ambulance Professionals in Spain, Is The Working Clothes Washing Appropriate?. Med. segur. trab. [online]. 2018, vol.64, n.251, pp.119-130. ISSN 1989-7790.


According to the EPINE-EPPS study of November 9, 2017 carried out in 313 Spanish hospitals and studied 61,673 patients, 1493 of them had already it before admission.


To evaluate if the outpatient emergency staff clean their uniform correctly, since it is very common to wash these clothes at home.

Material and Methods:

Consisted in a descriptive study of closed variables, with a study population of 126 professionals. They were surveyed through a Google Form application. The time for getting access to the survey remained open from June to November 2017. The data was analyzed with the computer program R obtaining tables of absolute and relative frequencies. Also for each pair of variables, the contrasts of Fisher’s exact test of independence have been made, and for all those 2x2 contingency tables the Odds Ratio has been calculated together with its 95% confidence interval.


Type of service in which it is being worked and the question about whether the company washes clothing (p-value = 0.00). The Odds Ratio shows that the ratio of respondents whose company washes clothes in the public service type is 17.53 times the ratio in the private service.


More than half of the respondents wash their working clothes at home every day they work, causing the consequent risk that the microorganisms can remain in their washing machine. In addition, not knowing what type of washing is also the most appropriate will decrease its useful life.

Palabras clave : Microorganisms; Working clothes; Washing; Ambulances; Out-of-hospital Emergencies.

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