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Revista Española de Enfermedades Digestivas

versión impresa ISSN 1130-0108


GARCIA-CANO LIZCANO, J; GONZALEZ MARTIN, J. A; MORILLAS ARINO, J  y  PEREZ SOLA, A. Complications of endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography: A study in a small ERCP unit. Rev. esp. enferm. dig. [online]. 2004, vol.96, n.3, pp.163-173. ISSN 1130-0108.

Backgrounds and aim: endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) is an established procedure to drain the biliary and pancreatic ducts. Nevertheless, there are complications which seem to be more common in centers performing less than 200 ERCPs per year. Sometimes, however, due to the distribution of health resources, it is necessary to perform this technique in centers with a smaller number of procedures. We present the experience of ERCP-related complications in a small unit. Material and methods: this is a retrospective study on prospective data recorded during six years (1997-2002). In this period, two endoscopists working together performed 507 ERCPs, which yields an approximately average of 84 procedures per year. Results: in 507 ERCPs performed during this period of time, 55 complications arose (10.85%), and four patients died (0.79%) as a consequence of the procedure. There were 28 pancreatitis (5.5%), eight post-sphincterotomy bleeding events (1.6%), seven bilioduodenal perforations (1.4%), eight sepsis episodes of biliary origin (1.6%), and other 4 different complications. There were 418 (82.4%) successful ERCPs -either diagnostic or therapeutic-, which gave rise to 46 (11%) complications. There were 89 (17.6%) failed diagnostic or therapeutic ERCPs, which gave rise to 9 (10.11%) complications (p = 0.8 between both groups). Thirty five (7%) ERCPs were exclusively diagnostic and caused 6 (17%) complications. The 187 procedures performed for coledocho-lithiasis originated 14 (7.4%) complications, and represented the group with the lowest morbidity rate (p = 0.04). Conclusions: the complications rate in our center is within the range of reported figures. ERCPs performed for choledoco-lithiasis was associated with the lowest complications rate. The risk-benefit ratio in the anticipated, purely diagnostic ERCP must be carefully weighed due to its morbidity.

Palabras clave : ERCP complications.

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