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Revista Española de Enfermedades Digestivas

versión impresa ISSN 1130-0108


NOGUERA AGUILAR, J. F. et al. Influence of rofecoxib on experimental colonic carcinogenesis in rats. Rev. esp. enferm. dig. [online]. 2004, vol.96, n.10, pp.678-686. ISSN 1130-0108.

Aim: to investigate the effect of a selective cyclooxigenase-2 (COX-2) inhibitor, rofecoxib, in the prevalence of experimental colon tumors in rats. Experimental design: experimental study with 35 male Sprague-Dawley rats, divided into four groups: a) control group without experimental manipulation (n = 5); b) pharmacological carcinogenesis with 1-2 dimethylhydrazine dihydrocloride (n = 10); c) pharmacological carcinogenesis and addition of acetylsalicylic acid (AAS) (n = 10); and d) carcinogenesis and addition of rofecoxib (n = 10). Carcinogenesis was induced with 1-2 dimethylhydrazine at a weekly dose of 25 mg/kg for 18 weeks. Colon tumors were isolated at 20 weeks. Antiinflammatory agents were given at a dose of AAS 30 mg/kg and rofecoxib at 3 mg/kg. Results: the percentage of colonic tumors was significantly reduced in the rofecoxib group. This result was found for all tumors and for the malignant lesions, adenocarcinomas. Conclusions: rofecoxib, a selective COX-2 inhibitor, reduced the percentage of drug-induced neoplastic glandular tissue in rats.

Palabras clave : Rofecoxib; Colorectal cancer; Rat; Adenocarcinoma; AAS; Cyclooxigenase.

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