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Revista Española de Enfermedades Digestivas

versión impresa ISSN 1130-0108

Resumen

BALLESTER, A. et al. Prevalence of silent fecal and urinary incontinence in women from the town of Teruel. Rev. esp. enferm. dig. [online]. 2005, vol.97, n.2, pp.78-86. ISSN 1130-0108.

Objectives: to study the prevalence of fecal (FI) and urinary incontinence (UI) in women from Teruel (Spain), as well as the clinical conditions associated with these disorders. Methods: we studied prospectively women with an age range of 20-64 yrs. who were randomly selected from the population seen in a primary care center because of medical disorders not related to incontinence. Patients with functional or cognitive impairment were excluded. Medical and obstetric antecedents, as well as the type and frequency of incontinence symptoms were collected in a questionnaire. Results: out of 115 women, 103 completed the study (mean age: 41±12 yrs. range 20-64). UI was present in 34.9% (stress 33%, urge 14%, mixed 47%), FI in 14 (13.6%) (flatus 57%, liquid stools 43%), and 10 (9.7%) displayed both disorders. Age > 42 yr. and body mass index ≥ 25 were associated with FI and UI; pregnancy was only associated with UI, but the group of women with ≥ 2 vaginal deliveries showed a higher frequency of FI (p < 0.05, Chi squared test). In the multivariate analysis, only the presence of UI was associated with FI (OR 6.0; CI 95% 1.7-21). Association of FI and UI was more frequent in women older than 42 yr. (OR 16.7, CI 95% 1.9-141). No statistical differences were found when smoking, exercise, and type of childbirth were compared between the presence/absence of FI or UI. Conclusions: urinary and fecal incontinence are frequent in women, and the coexistence of both disorders is not uncommon. Age, overweight and parity are associated with the presence of fecal and/or urinary incontinence.

Palabras clave : Fecal incontinence; Urinary incontinence; Women; Prevalence; Risk factors.

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