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Revista Española de Enfermedades Digestivas

Print version ISSN 1130-0108


GARCIA-ALONSO, I.; PALOMARES, T.; PORTUGAL, V.  and  MENDEZ, J.. Effects of all-trans retinoic acid on tumor recurrence and metastasis. Rev. esp. enferm. dig. [online]. 2005, vol.97, n.4, pp.240-248. ISSN 1130-0108.

Objective: all-trans-retinoic acid (ATRA) promotes cell differentiation. We have studied its effect on the local recurrence and metastatic spreading of an experimental rhabdomyosarcoma in rats. Design: syngenic rhabdomyosarcoma cells (S4MH) were inoculated s.c. in male WAG/RijCrl rats. After 25 days tumors were excised and a 40% hepatectomy was performed for all animals. Ten days later the rats were sacrificed and a thorough necropsy was performed. The animals were randomly allocated to receive daily doses of ATRA (5 mg/kg, i.p.) or its solvent (Clinoleic®/ethanol 90/10), starting three days before surgery until the end of the experiment. Results: ATRA reduced the incidence of local recurrence from 70 to 33% (p < 0.05), but the tumor size was not altered (1.8 vs. 2.0 cc). Regarding inguinal metastasis, there was a six-fold decrease (0.2 vs. 1.2 cc; p < 0.05) in mean tumor volume, although the rate of this proliferation increased sharply (86 vs. 29%; p < 0.05) for treated animals. The volume of the retroperitoneal tumor masses also decreased with ATRA (0.7 vs. 5.1 cc; p < 0.05), but the difference in rate was not significant (71 vs. 67%). Lung metastases, which were present in 100% of control animals, were found in only 33% of treated rats, while the mean number of metastatic foci dropped from 26.7 to 5.7 (p < 0.05). Conclusion: protocols including retinoid administration prior to and following primary tumor excision could help in controlling both recurrence and metastatic progression in surgically treated rhabdomyosarcoma.

Keywords : Rat; Rhabdomyosarcoma; Recurrence; Metastasis; All-trans-retinoic acid.

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