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Revista Española de Enfermedades Digestivas
versión impresa ISSN 1130-0108
RAMIA, J. M. et al. Indications and therapeutical options in hepatolithiasis. Rev. esp. enferm. dig. [online]. 2006, vol.98, n.8, pp.597-604. ISSN 1130-0108.
Objective: to present our experience with the treatment of hepatolithiasis. Patients and methods: experimental design: a retrospective study. Every patient operated on during 2002-2004. Results: mean age was 68.2 years. All patients were male. Two patients had been operated on before. The other three suffered from: monolobar Caroli's disease (1), cholangiocarcinoma (1), and hepatolihtiasis without clear etiologic factors (1). All of them had intrahepatic and extrahepatic litihiasis. Clinical signs included: pain in RUQ, fever, and jaundice. Bilirubin was 3.5 mg/dl (min: 1.7, max: 5.9), GGT: 676.2 IU/l (min: 29, max: 2039), and alkaline phosphatase: 400 IU/l (min: 100, max: 1136). Abdominal ultrasounds always correctly diagnosed HL. CT (3 patients) only diagnosed one case. ERCP (3 patients) and cholangio-MRI (2 patients) always diagnosed HL correctly. Surgical procedures were: hepatojejunostomy with lavage of bile duct (2 cases) and hepatectomy (3 cases) -both right (1) and left (2). We always performed an intraoperative ultrasonography and choledoscopy. Morbidity was: biliary fistula (1 case) treated by percutaneous drainage. No mortality occurred. Median stay was 8.8 days. Mean follow-up is 12 months (min: 11, max: 20). No relapse has been observed. Conclusions: HL is infrequent in Spain. Surgical treatment, usually liver resection, obtains good results with low morbidity and mortality.
Palabras clave : Hepatolithiasis; Surgery; Review; Treatment.