Revista Española de Enfermedades Digestivas
versión impresa ISSN 1130-0108
CASAS, M. et al. Total enteral nutrition vs. total parenteral nutrition in patients with severe acute pancreatitis. Rev. esp. enferm. dig. [online]. 2007, vol.99, n.5, pp.264-269. ISSN 1130-0108.
Objective: to compare the efficacy of early total enteral nutrition (TEN) vs. total parenteral nutrition (TPN) in patients with severe acute pancreatitis (SAP). Methods: a total of 22 consecutive patients with SAP were randomized to receive TPN (group I) or TEN (group II). SAP was defined applying APACHE II score, C-reactive protein (CRP) measurements and/or Balthazar CT scan score. Acute inflammatory response (CRP, TNF-a, IL-6), visceral proteins (pre-albumin, albumin), complications (systemic inflammatory response syndrome, multiorgan failure, infections), surgical interventions, length of hospital stay and mortality were evaluated. Results: no significant differences were found between the two groups in the APACHE II score, in CRP, TNF-a and IL-6 concentrations or in pre-albumin and albumin levels over the first 10 days. Seven patients in group I and 4 in group II suffered severe complications. Three patients in group I required surgical intervention. Length of hospital stay was alike in the two groups. Two patients from group I died in the course of the hospitalization. Conclusions: SAP patients with TEN feeding showed a tendency towards a better outcome than patients receiving TPN.
Palabras clave : Severe acute pancreatitis; Nutrition; C-reactive protein; TNF-a; IL-6.