Revista Española de Enfermedades Digestivas
versión impresa ISSN 1130-0108
GARCIA-CANO, J. et al. Outcomes of bile duct drainage by means of ERCP in geriatric patients. Rev. esp. enferm. dig. [online]. 2007, vol.99, n.8, pp.451-456. ISSN 1130-0108.
Background and objective: endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) is usually the procedure of choice for relieving bile duct obstruction. A large number of patients undergoing this intervention are geriatric population (aged 75 years of age and older). Our aim was to assess the efficacy of ERCP in this group of patients as compared to younger ones. Patients and methods: a retrospective study. All patients in whom a therapeutic biliary endoscopy had been performed over a four-year period of time (2002-2005) were included. Results: 178 geriatric patients and 159 younger ones underwent ERCP. No differences were found in successful biliary drainage (97.7 vs. 98.7%), complication number (11.8 vs. 14.4%), or mortality rate (1.1 vs. 0.6%). On the other hand, more common bile duct stones were found in geriatric patients (57.3 vs. 39.6%, p = 0.004), and also more self-expanding metal stents were employed to drain malignant obstructive jaundice(47 vs. 8%, p = 0.0035). In the youngest group, more ERCPs were repeated in the same patients (4 vs. 10%, p = 0.001). Conclusions: the geriatric population showed similar success and morbidity & mortality rates when compared to younger patients in draining their bile duct by means of ERCP. Common bile duct stones were more frequently found in geriatric patients. No patients needing an ERCP should be excluded only because of their age.
Palabras clave : ERCP; Geriatrics; Biliary obstruction.