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Revista Española de Enfermedades Digestivas

versión impresa ISSN 1130-0108


SANCHEZ HIDALGO, J. M. et al. Gastrointestinal stromal tumors (GIST): factors predictive of survival after R0-cytoreduction. Rev. esp. enferm. dig. [online]. 2007, vol.99, n.12, pp.703-708. ISSN 1130-0108.

Objective: to analyze the different factors predictive of survival associated with optimal R0-cytoreduction in c-kit-positive gastrointestinal stromal tumors. Methods: thirty-five patients were operated on in our Oncological Surgery Department from January 2002 to February 2007 because of CD117/c-kit-positive gastrointestinal stromal tumors, and an optimal surgical cytoreduction was obtained without macroscopical residual disease. Demographic, anatomical, clinical, pathological, and immunohistochemical variables were analyzed from a specific database. Survival and multivariate analyses were developed using Kaplan-Meier and multiple Cox regression models, respectively. Results: five-year overall survival was 77% with a mean survival of 52 months. Risk of malignant behaviour according to Fletcher's classification and tumor size higher than 10 cm had a significantly negative influence on overall survival in the univariate analysis (p < 0.05). Proliferative Ki-67 activity higher than 50% was the only statistically significant variable in the multivariate analysis. Twenty percent of tumors recurred. Only 3 patients with metastatic disease received adjuvant treatment with imatinib mesylate, all of them with Ki-67 > 50% and currently alive. Conclusions: the poliferative Ki-67 index could represent an excellent predictive factor for survival in patients with c-kit-positive stromal gastrointestinal tumors. Confirmation and an adequate cut-off level should be the main objectives for future prospective studies, mostly focused on the appropriate selection of optimal candidates to imatinib-mesylate-based treatment.

Palabras clave : GIST; c-kit; Mesenchymal tumor.

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