Revista Española de Enfermedades Digestivas
versión impresa ISSN 1130-0108
ARMISEN, M. et al. Eosinophilic esophagitis due to allergy to sheep and goat milk proteins. Rev. esp. enferm. dig. [online]. 2008, vol.100, n.1, pp.53-56. ISSN 1130-0108.
Eosinophilic esophagitis is an inflammatory disease of the esophagus characterized by the presence of high numbers of eosinophils in the esophageal mucosal layer (> 20 high-power field). It is uncommon in adults but in such cases intermittent dysphagia and food impaction are the most common presenting symptoms. We report the case of a male with long-standing intermittent dysphagia after eating selected goat and sheep cheese types, who required medical help following the impaction of an ibuprofen pill in the esophagus. A biopsy demonstrated the presence of eosinophilic inflammation, and allergy testing showed specific IgE against proteins in the milk of goats and sheep. Topical steroid therapy with oral fluticasone, and the elimination of these dairy products from the diet induced complete symptom resolution, and biopsy specimens taken 4 months later showed no eosinophils.
Palabras clave : Eosinophilic esophagitis; Dysphagia; Allergy; Bovine IgG; Lactoferrin; Bovine serum albumin.