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Revista Española de Enfermedades Digestivas

versión impresa ISSN 1130-0108

Resumen

GILI, Miguel et al. Celiac disease and alcohol use disorders: increased length of hospital stay, overexpenditures and attributable mortality. Rev. esp. enferm. dig. [online]. 2013, vol.105, n.9, pp.537-543. ISSN 1130-0108.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4321/S1130-01082013000900005.

Background and objectives: alcohol use disorders are associated with a greater incidence of certain comorbidities in patients with celiac disease. Currently there is no available information about the impact that these disorders may have on length of hospital stays, overexpenditures during hospital stays, and excess mortality in these patients. Methods: a case-control study was conducted with a selection of patients 18 years and older hospitalized during 2008-2010 in 87 hospitals in Spain. Estimations of excess length of stays, costs, and attributable mortality were calculated using a multivariate analysis of covariance, which included age, gender, hospital group, alcohol use disorders, tobacco related disease and 30 other comorbidities. Results: patients who had both celiac disease and alcohol use disorders had an increased length of hospital stay, an average of 3.1 days longer in women, and 1.7 days longer in men. Excess costs per stay ranged from 838.7 euros in female patients, to 389.1 euros in male patients. Excess attributable mortality was 15.1% in women, 12.2% in men. Conclusions: apart from a gluten-free diet and other medical measures, the prevention of alcohol abuse is indicated in these patients. Patients hospitalized who present these disorders should receive specialized attention after leaving the hospital. Early detection and treatment should be used to prevent the appearance of organic lesions and should not be solely focused on male patients.

Palabras clave : Celiac disease; Alcohol; Hospital stay; Costs; Mortality.

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