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Revista Española de Enfermedades Digestivas

Print version ISSN 1130-0108


SOLA-VERA, Javier et al. Factors related to the effectiveness of variable stiffness colonoscope: results of a multivariate analysis. Rev. esp. enferm. dig. [online]. 2014, vol.106, n.1, pp.15-21. ISSN 1130-0108.

Background: Various studies and two meta-analysis have shown that a variable stiffness colonoscope improves cecal intubation rate. However, there are few studies on how this colonoscope should be used. Objective: The aim of this study was to identify factors related to the advancement of the colonoscope when the variable stiffness function is activated. Methods: Prospective study enrolling consecutive patients referred for colonoscopy. The variable stiffness colonoscope (Olympus CF-H180DI/L®) was used. We performed univariate and multivariate analyses of factors associated with the success of the variable stiffness function. Results: After the data inclusion period, 260 patients were analyzed. The variable stiffness function was used most in the proximal colon segments (ascending and transverse colon 85 %; descending/sigmoid colon 15.2 %). The body mass index was lower in patients in whom the endoscope advanced after activating the variable stiffness than those in which it could not be advanced (25.9 ± 4.8 vs. 28.3 ± 5.4 kg/m2, p = 0.009). The endoscope advanced less frequently when the stiffness function was activated in the ascending colon versus activation in other segments of the colon (25 % vs. 64.5 % ascending colon vs. other segments; p < 0.05). In the multivariate analysis, only the colon segment in which the variable stiffness was activated was an independent predictor of advancement of the colonoscope. Conclusions: The variable stiffness function is effective, allowing the colonoscope advancement especially when applied in the transverse colon, descending colon and sigmoid. However, when used in the ascending colon it has a lower effectiveness.

Keywords : Endoscopy; Colonoscopy; Variable stiffness.

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