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Revista Española de Enfermedades Digestivas

Print version ISSN 1130-0108


IGLESIAS-GARCIA, Julio; LARINO-NOIA, José; LINDKVIST, Björn  and  DOMINGUEZ-MUNOZ, J. Enrique. Endoscopic ultrasound in the diagnosis of chronic pancreatitis. Rev. esp. enferm. dig. [online]. 2015, vol.107, n.4, pp.221-228. ISSN 1130-0108.

Diagnosis of chronic pancreatitis (CP) remains a challenge. Endoscopic ultrasound (EUS) can be considered nowadays as the technique of choice for the morphological diagnosis of this disease. More than three or four EUS defined criteria of CP need to be present for the diagnosis of the disease. The development of the more restrictive Rosemont classification aims to standardize the criteria, assigning different values to different features but its impact on the EUS-based diagnosis of CP is debatable. A combined use of endoscopic function test and EUS has even increased the diagnostic yield. Elastography and FNA may be also of help for diagnosing CP. EUS also provides with very valuable information on the severity of the disease, giving key information that may influence in the treatment. Differential diagnosis of solid pancreatic masses in the context of a CP is also challenging, EUS plays a key role in this context. It provides with the possibility of obtaining specimens for histopathological diagnosis. Nowadays, new developed techniques associated to EUS, like elastography and contrast enhancement, are also showing promising results for the differentiating between these pancreatic lesions.

Keywords : Endoscopic ultrasound; Diagnosis; Chronic pancreatitis.

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