SciELO - Scientific Electronic Library Online

vol.107 issue12Incidence, clinical outcomes, and therapeutic approaches of capsule endoscopy-related adverse events in a large study population author indexsubject indexarticles search
Home Pagealphabetic serial listing  

Services on Demand




Related links

  • On index processCited by Google
  • Have no similar articlesSimilars in SciELO
  • On index processSimilars in Google


Revista Española de Enfermedades Digestivas

Print version ISSN 1130-0108


RIBEIRO, Iolanda et al. What is the long-term outcome of a negative capsule endoscopy in patients with obscure gastrointestinal bleeding?. Rev. esp. enferm. dig. [online]. 2015, vol.107, n.12, pp.753-758. ISSN 1130-0108.

Background and aims: There are contradictory findings regarding long-term outcome in patients with obscure gastrointestinal bleeding and negative capsule endoscopy. Factors associated with rebleeding after a negative videocapsule are not entirely known. Objective: The aim of this study was to compare the rebleeding rate between negative and positive capsule endoscopy patients and to identify predictive factors for rebleeding in patients with negative findings. Material and methods: Consecutive patients with obscure gastrointestinal bleeding referred to a single center over a period of 5 years were identified. After exclusion of patients with a follow time < 6 months, 173 patients were included. Clinical information was retrospectively collected from medical records. Rebleeding was defined as evidence of melena/hematochezia, a drop in hemoglobin of ≥ 2 g/dL, or the need for transfusion 30 days after the index episode. Results: The mean age was 61.7 years and 60% were female. The median follow up time was 27 months. Most patients were referred for occult gastrointestinal bleeding (67.1%) while 32.9% were referred for overt bleeding. More than 50% of the patients had negative capsule endoscopy. The rebleeding rate in negative capsule endoscopy is 16%, with a mean follow-up time of 25.8 months and is significantly lower than positive capsule endoscopy (16% vs. 30.2%, p = 0.02). Rebleeding after negative capsule endoscopy is higher in patients who need more transfusions of packet red blood cells before capsule endoscopy (3.0 vs. 0.9, p = 0.024) and have overt bleeding (46% vs. 13.9%, p = 0.03). In 53% of these patients, rebleeding occurs > 12 months after a negative capsule endoscopy. Conclusions: Patients with obscure gastrointestinal bleeding and a negative capsule endoscopy had a significantly lower rebleeding rate and can be safely followed. However, a higher transfusion of red blood cells previous to capsule endoscopy and an overt bleeding are associated with a higher rebleeding. So, it is reasonable to consider that these patients may benefit of at least one year of follow-up.

Keywords : Negative capsule endoscopy; Obscure gastrointestinal bleeding; Rebleeding.

        · text in English     · English ( pdf )


Creative Commons License All the contents of this journal, except where otherwise noted, is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License