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Revista Española de Enfermedades Digestivas

versión impresa ISSN 1130-0108

Resumen

CHAARO-BENALLAL, Dina et al. Evolution of the incidence of inflammatory bowel disease in Southern Spain. Rev. esp. enferm. dig. [online]. 2017, vol.109, n.11, pp.757-760. ISSN 1130-0108.  http://dx.doi.org/10.17235/reed.2017.4739/2016.

Background: The incidence of inflammatory bowel disease is increasing in Europe and in Spain. However, there is no recent data from Southern Spain. Objectives: To determine the evolution of the hospital incidence of inflammatory bowel disease in Southern Spain. Material and methods: A retrospective study was performed in two hospitals in Southern Spain. Data was collected from inflammatory bowel disease patients, divided into two periods (1995-2000 and 2001-2014) and compared. The reference population from both areas was 1,011,555 inhabitants. Results: A total of 430 patients were registered during the first period (1995-2000); 50% (215) had Crohn's disease that resulted in a cumulative incidence rate of 7.08 cases/100,000 inhabitants per year. The overall inflammatory bowel disease incidence was 3.54 cases/100,000 inhabitants per year. During the second period (2001-2014), 2,089 patients were collected; 51.7% had ulcerative colitis (1,081). The rate of cumulative incidence of inflammatory bowel disease was 14.7 cases/100,000 inhabitants per year (7.6 cases of ulcerative colitis/100,000 inhabitants/year and 7.1 cases of Crohn's disease/100,000 inhabitants/year). Conclusions: The incidence of inflammatory bowel disease in Southern Spain has doubled in the last decade and is similar to that of the rest of the country and Europe.

Palabras clave : IBD; Incidence; Spain; Southern Europe.

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