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Revista Española de Enfermedades Digestivas

Print version ISSN 1130-0108


GOMEZ-DE-LA-CUESTA, Sara et al. Analytical, anthropometric and dietary factors associated with the development of fibrosis in patients with nonalcoholic fatty liver disease. Rev. esp. enferm. dig. [online]. 2018, vol.110, n.5, pp.292-298. ISSN 1130-0108.


a prolonged non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) condition can lead to advanced stages of liver disease and the development of hepatocellular carcinoma.


to evaluate analytical, anthropometric and dietary factors associated with the presence of fibrosis as this is the factor that most influences survival and evolution.


seventy-six patients with liver biopsy-diagnosed non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) were included. Biopsies were scored considering the NASH criteria of Kleiner. Analytical, anthropometric and dietary (survey) parameters were obtained. NAFLD-FS is a non-invasive fibrosis index and was assessed for each patient. Leptin, adiponectin, resistin and TNF-alpha serum levels were determined.


fifty-six patients were male (73.7%) and the mean age was 44.5 ± 11.3 years of age (19-68). Thirty-nine (51.3%) (F1-F2: 84.6%; F3-4: 15.4%) patients had fibrosis in the liver biopsy. Seventeen females (85%) had fibrosis versus 22 males (39%), which was statistically significant by univariate analysis (p < 0.01). Patients with advanced fibrosis were older, with lower platelet counts, lower serum albumin, greater homeostatic model assessment insulin resistance (HOMA-IR), lower dietary lipids percentage, higher serum leptin levels and higher NAFLD Fibrosis Score (NAFLD-FS) values. This index had a negative predictive value of 98% and a positive predictive value of 60% for the detection of fibrosis. Variables independently associated with fibrosis (logistic regression) included male gender (protective factor) (0.09, 95% CI 0.01-0.7; p < 0.05) and HOMA-IR (1.7, 95% CI, 1.03-2.79; p < 0.05).


gender and HOMA-IR were the only independent factors associated with fibrosis. NAFLD-FS could be considered as an accurate scoring system to rule out advanced fibrosis.

Keywords : NAFLD; NASH; Fibrosis; Insulin resistance.

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