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Revista Española de Cirugía Oral y Maxilofacial

versión On-line ISSN 2173-9161versión impresa ISSN 1130-0558

Resumen

SAGUILLO, Kora et al. Submental flap in reconstruction of orofacial defects. Rev Esp Cirug Oral y Maxilofac [online]. 2015, vol.37, n.4, pp.196-201. ISSN 2173-9161.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.maxilo.2014.04.002.

Objective: The microsurgical techniques with free flaps are the "Gold Standard" in the immediate reconstruction of post-cancer defects of the head and neck. However, procedures are complex, requiring a high degree of specialization, and not exempt from complications and morbidity. The submental flap is an alternative reconstruction technique in the maxillofacial field in cases where the microsurgical reconstruction is not indicated. The objective of this work is to show the benefits of the use of the submental flap in the maxillofacial reconstruction. Material and method: The experience of the Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery of the H. U. Ramón y Cajal of Madrid from 2009 to 2013 is described, using the records of a total of 20 reconstructions made with submental pedicled flap in patients with intra- and extra-oral cancers. Results: The results were satisfactory in the 19 patients who underwent surgery, according to the criteria for coverage of the defect, aesthetics and functionality. There were 12 elective functional neck dissections, with histological findings, N0. In no case was transfer of cervical tumor disease to the recipient bed detected. There was only local recurrence of the disease in 1 patient. Conclusions: The submental flap constitutes a valid alternative for the reconstruction of orofacial defects, especially in elderly patients or patients that, due to deteriorated general condition require less aggressive treatments and reduced surgical times. Requires rule out The presence of cervical lymph node metastatic disease needs to be ruled out prior to surgery. Its use is controversial for the repair of defects after resection of tumors with high levels of tumor-infiltrating lymphocytes.

Palabras clave : Orofacial defects; Submental flap; Oncological reconstruction.

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