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Revista Española de Cirugía Oral y Maxilofacial

On-line version ISSN 2173-9161Print version ISSN 1130-0558

Abstract

GIOVANI, Elcio Magdalena; TARQUINIO MARINHO, Kelly Cristine  and  CORREIA DOS SANTOS, Camila. Trèlat's beads as oral manifestations in patients with HIV/TB. Rev Esp Cirug Oral y Maxilofac [online]. 2016, vol.38, n.3, pp.171-175. ISSN 2173-9161.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.maxilo.2014.07.013.

Tuberculosis (TB) is a contagious infectious disease caused by Mycobacterium tuberculosis (Koch's bacillus). Co-infection with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and TB has reached a significant importance as a public health problem and this association has been recognized as the most significant event that changed "the balance between man and Koch's bacillus" in the last century, and has a large contribution to the risk for disease spreading. Tuberculosis has two main standard categories of clinical manifestations: primary and secondary. Primary TB is responsible for the initial infection with lungs being the involved organ. Oral lesions are observed as a secondary TB clinical manifestation with most frequent sites being hard and soft palate, tongue, lips, gums, tonsils, and salivary glands. A case of classical TB lesions in the oral cavity is reported, and the importance of a correct diagnosis through careful history taking is emphasized. Treatment selection needs to be done assertively, with great determination and building a link between patient and treatment protocol, in order to promote patient's adherence.

Keywords : HIV; Oral tuberculosis; Public health.

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