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Revista Española de Cirugía Oral y Maxilofacial

On-line version ISSN 2173-9161Print version ISSN 1130-0558

Abstract

MARTOS DIAZ, Pedro et al. Versatility of the buccinator myomucosal flap in reconstruction of maxillofacial defects. Rev Esp Cirug Oral y Maxilofac [online]. 2017, vol.39, n.1, pp.15-21. ISSN 2173-9161.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.maxilo.2016.02.005.

Introduction:

The buccinator myomucosal flap, in its various forms has been used in the reconstruction of the maxillofacial defects, and has been promoted significantly in the last 2 decades.

Methods:

A study is presented of 25 cases reconstructed by this flap, with information on the size and location of the defects. Several techniques are described for obtaining the flap depending on the location of the area to cover, as well as their possible complications.

Results:

All flaps were feasible. The mean size was 41×31mm. In 4 cases, facial pedicle skeletisation was performed in order to get more length or better suitability. In 3 cases, other reconstructive techniques were used concomitantly. Complications were rare and mostly related to flanges at the donor site.

Conclusion:

The buccinator myomucosal flap is probably the best choice in the reconstruction of medium-sized defects of the maxillofacial area. This is due to its versatility to cover the vast majority of defects, with a good pedicle length, and provides mucosal tissue that is, in the majority, suitable for the area to cover.

Keywords : Buccinator flap; FAMM flap; Maxillofacial reconstruction.

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