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Revista Española de Cirugía Oral y Maxilofacial

On-line version ISSN 2173-9161Print version ISSN 1130-0558

Abstract

DIAZ-REVERAND, Susan et al. Odontogenic myxoma: Presentation of a series of 4 clinical cases and review of the literature. Rev Esp Cirug Oral y Maxilofac [online]. 2018, vol.40, n.3, pp.120-128. ISSN 2173-9161.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.maxilo.2017.03.002.

Purpose:

The aim of this work is to report 3 cases of odontogenic myxoma (OM), one case of fibromyxoma (FM), and a review of the literature as regards the epidemiology and treatment of OM and FM.

Methods:

A study was conducted on all cases of OM and FM treated in our hospital. A search was made in PubMed database using the MESH keywords: «odontogenic myxoma» «odontogenic myxofibroma», «odontogenic fibromyxoma», from January 2010 to October 2016.

Results:

Of the 4 cases managed in our hospital, 3 of them were resected and reconstructed with fibula flap, and the other one was managed by legrado, with no recurrences. From the first 281 initial papers identified in PubMed, only 24 fulfilled the inclusion criteria of our study. The mean age of patients was 32.6 years, of whom 59% were women, and with posterior mandibular localitation in 54% of the cases and occurrence in only one case. As regards FM, 5 articles were identified in which 50% were women with a mean age of 16.5 years, and 80% were treated by enucleation and legrado with no recurrences.

Conclusions:

OM is a rare tumour, with a variant called FM that is less common and not as recurrent as described. The choice of treatment should depend on variables such as location, age, and the aesthetic needs of the patient.

Keywords : Odontogenic myxoma; Fibromyxoma; Myxofibroma; Odontogenic tumours.

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