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Print version ISSN 1130-1473


RODRIGUEZ, R. et al. Intraoperative neurophysiological monitoring of brain stem in a case of cavernoma in the pons. Neurocirugía [online]. 2005, vol.16, n.2, pp.117-123. ISSN 1130-1473.

Neurophysiological monitoring during surgery to avoid damaging of eloquent brain areas is a useful tool. We are performing intraoperative neurophysiological test to locate motor, sensitive and speech areas with cortical stimulation and cranial nerves during cerebellopontine cranial base surgery. Neurophysiological monitoring during brain stem surgery has been less described. Brain stem surgery implies a careful seleccion of patients for surgery given the high risk of morbidity and mortality. For this reason, conservative treatment is usually indicated when an asymptomatic cavernoma is incidentally found. Instead, when bleeding or neurological deficit appear, operative treatment may be indicated and then the goal of surgery is to avoid the disability linked to the natural history. We present the case of a 29 years old woman with diagnosis of multiple cavernomas. She was admitted at our hospital because she presented weakness and sensitive disturbance of left limbs and dizziness. The CT scan and MRI showed a pontine haemorrhage caused by a cavernous hemangioma. We operated her on using neurophysiological monitoring of VII, VIII, X and XII cranial nerves with electromyographic recordings. Postoperative disability could be reduced with a better knowledge of entry zone into the brain stem and early physiotherapy.

Keywords : Brain stem surgery; Cavernous hemangioma; Brain mapping; Neurophysiological mapping; Rhomboid fossa.

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