versión impresa ISSN 1130-1473
Introduction: Since its first description by Kux in 1954, the thoracic endoscopic (thoracoscopic) sympathectomy has rendered the open techniques obsolete in the treatment of the hyperhidrosis and other sympathetic-related diseases. Aim: The goal of this article is to present a critical review of the current indications, results and complications of the endoscopic thoracic sympathectomy. Material and methods: An extensive search and review of published papers on the thoracoscopic sympathectomy was undertaken. Results: The thoracoscopic sympathectomy has evolved as a therapeutic choice in patients with focal hyperhidrosis, pain syndromes and peripheral vascular disorders, particularly. The results, recurrences and complications are similar to the previously established open procedures; nevertheless, the morbidity, the hospital stay and the time to return to activities of daily living are substantially reduced. The highest success and satisfaction rates (over 95%) were observed among patients treated for focal hyperhidrosis. Conclusions: The success and complication rates of thoracoscopic sympathectomy are comparable to those of open techniques, with an easier postoperative period and an earlier return to labor and daily living.
Palabras clave : Sympathectomy; Thoracoscopy; Hyperhidrosis; Causalgia; Raynaud disease.