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Print version ISSN 1130-1473


SERRAMITO-GARCIA, R. et al. Pituitary apoplexy: A review. Neurocirugía [online]. 2011, vol.22, n.1, pp.44-49. ISSN 1130-1473.

Pituitary apoplexy constitutes a syndrome that is characterized by the ischemic infarction or hemorrhage into a pituitary tumour. Clinically the patient develops sudden headache, meningismus, visual disturbances, even blindness, and occasionally decrease in level of consciousness. To diagnose it is basic to perform a cerebral MRI. Treatment consists in urgent sellar decompression by transsphenoidal surgery and substitute therapy with steroids.

Keywords : Pituitary apoplexy; Transsphenoidal surgery; Hemorrhage; Precipitanting factors.

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