Clínica y Salud
versión impresa ISSN 1130-5274
DIAZ-SIBAJA, Miguel Ángel et al. Protocolized group psychological treatment of inflammatory bowel disease: its impact on quality of life. Clínica y Salud [online]. 2008, vol.19, n.2, pp.231-247. ISSN 1130-5274.
The inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) is a chronic illness that affects notably the quality of life of patients. The main objective of this study was to demonstrate the effectiveness of a protocolized group psychological treatment aimed at improving patient quality of life. The sample consisted of 57 patients suffering inflammatory bowel disease (33 in the treatment group and 24 on the waiting list control group). The dependent variables included digestive symptoms, systemic symptoms, functional affectation, emotional function and social affectation as measured by the Questionnaire of quality of life in the inflammatory bowel disease (SIBDQ, López-Vivancos and cols., 1999). The results revealed that the psychological treatment of the inflammatory bowel disease was effective to produce a significant improvement of all quality of life variables compared with the waiting list control group. Although the differences remained significant in 4 of the 5 variables 3 months later, they kept significant only in one variable 12 months later.
Palabras clave : Inflammatory bowel disease; Cognitive-behavioural treatment; Protocolized treatment; Multi-component psychological treatment; Quality of life.