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Clínica y Salud

On-line version ISSN 2174-0550Print version ISSN 1130-5274

Abstract

PALMER, Alfonso  and  SESE, Albert. Recommendations for the use of statistics in Clinical and Health Psychology. Clínica y Salud [online]. 2013, vol.24, n.1, pp.47-54. ISSN 2174-0550.  http://dx.doi.org/10.5093/cl2013a6.

The generation of scientific knowledge in Psychology has made significant headway over the last decades, as the number of articles published in high impact journals has risen substantially. Breakthroughs in our understanding of the phenomena under study demand a better theoretical elaboration of work hypotheses, efficient application of research designs, and special rigour concerning the use of statistical methodology. Anyway, a rise in productivity does not always mean the achievement of high scientific standards. On the whole, statistical use may entail a source of negative effects on the quality of research, both due to (1) the degree of difficulty inherent to some methods to be understood and applied and (2) the commission of a series of errors and mainly the omission of key information needed to assess the adequacy of the analyses carried out. Despite the existence of noteworthy studies in the literature aimed at criticising these misuses (published specifically as improvement guides), the occurrence of statistical malpractice has to be overcome. Given the growing complexity of theories put forward in Psychology in general and in Clinical and Health Psychology in particular, the likelihood of these errors has increased. Therefore, the primary aim of this work is to provide a set of key statistical recommendations for authors to apply appropriate standards of methodological rigour, and for reviewers to be firm when it comes to demanding a series of sine qua non conditions for the publication of papers.

Keywords : Clinical and Health Psychology; Methodological recommendations; Statistical use Publication Rules.

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