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Clínica y Salud

On-line version ISSN 2174-0550Print version ISSN 1130-5274

Abstract

FERNANDEZ ARIAS, Ignacio Gabino; GARCIA-VERA, María Paz  and  SANZ, Jesús. The more psychology, the better: the efficacy of smoking cessation treatment using intensive cognitive-behavioral therapy versus a combination of nicotine patches plus intensive or less intensive cognitive-behavioral therapy. First prize of the 20th "Rafael Burgaleta" Applied Psychology Awards 2013. Clínica y Salud [online]. 2014, vol.25, n.1, pp.1-10. ISSN 2174-0550.  http://dx.doi.org/10.5093/cl2014a7.

In order to compare the efficacy of smoking cessation treatment using intensive cognitive-behavioral therapy (I/CBT) versus a combination of I/CBT plus nicotine patches (I/CBT+NP) or a combination of no intensive cognitive-behavioral therapy plus nicotine patches (NI/CBT+NP), a repeated measures experimental study was conducted with 235 adult smokers randomly assigned to one out of three treatments. Among patients who completed treatment (n = 152), I/CBT+NP showed higher abstinence rates at 6-month follow-up and one-year follow-up than those showed by NI/CBT+NP, whereas the abstinence rates of I/CBT were not significantly different from those of the other two treatments. Results suggest that nicotine patches should always be used with a cognitive-behavioral therapy as intensive as possible. They also suggest that intensive cognitive-behavioral therapy administered alone should be given greater prominence in clinical guidelines for smoking cessation.

Keywords : Smoking cessation treatment; Cognitive-behavioral therapy; Nicotine patch; Efficacy.

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