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Clínica y Salud

On-line version ISSN 2174-0550Print version ISSN 1130-5274

Abstract

LABRADOR, Francisco J. et al. Characteristics of demand and psychological treatments in a university clinic. Clínica y Salud [online]. 2016, vol.27, n.1, pp.7-14. ISSN 2174-0550.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.clysa.2016.01.002.

The objectives of this study are to describe the most common characteristics of patients receiving psychological treatment and the treatments administered. We analyzed a sample of 856 patients at the University Psychology Clinic of the Complutense University of Madrid. Five diagnostic categories accounted for 78.4% of demand: anxiety disorders (31.9%), no diagnosis (15.4%), other problems requiring clinical attention (14.2%), mood disorders (9.5%) and adaptive disorders (7.4%). A total of 17.7% presented a comorbid diagnosis and 49.3% had received treatment previously. The mean of assessment and treatment sessions was 3.5 and 12.7, respectively. The most commonly applied techniques included psychoeducation (95.1%), cognitive restructuring (74.8%), relaxation (74.4%), and control of internal dialogue (68.1%). Of the patients that had finished contact with the clinic, 68.3% were a therapeutic success. We discuss the generalization of the results and the implications for the profession and clinical practice.

Keywords : Empirically supported treatments; Psychological treatments; Effectiveness; Efficiency.

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