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Clínica y Salud

On-line version ISSN 2174-0550Print version ISSN 1130-5274

Abstract

GESTEIRA, Clara; GARCIA-VERA, María Paz  and  SANZ, Jesús. Because time does not heal all wounds: Efficacy of trauma-focused cognitive behavioral therapy for very long-term posttraumatic stress in victims of terrorism. Clínica y Salud [online]. 2018, vol.29, n.1, pp.9-13. ISSN 2174-0550.  http://dx.doi.org/10.5093/clysa2018a3.

One hundred and twenty victims of terrorism who had suffered a terrorist attack an average of 18 years ago and who mainly had posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) or posttraumatic stress symptomatology were randomized to a 16-session trauma-focused cognitive-behavioral therapy (TF-CBT) or to a waiting-list control group. No victim who completed treatment had a PTSD diagnosis at posttreatment; these victims showed significantly lower levels of posttraumatic stress symptomatology at posttreatment than at pretreatment, with a large pre-posttreatment difference (d = 1.39), and 78.3% of them showed normal levels of symptomatology at posttreatment. These results were significantly better than those of the control group, with a large treatment-control difference (d = 0.91). TF-CBT is efficacious and is currently the treatment of choice for victims of terrorism who suffer from PTSD or posttraumatic stress symptomatology, even in the very long term, between 6 and 51 years after the terrorist attack.

Keywords : Terrorism; Cognitive-behavior therapy; Treatment effectiveness evaluation; Posttraumatic stress; disorder; Chronic mental disorder.

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