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Clínica y Salud

On-line version ISSN 2174-0550Print version ISSN 1130-5274

Abstract

CONDE, Karina; GIMENEZ, Paula Victoria  and  CREMONTE, Mariana. Characteristics of alcohol use disorder screening tests in young university students in Argentina. Clínica y Salud [online]. 2018, vol.29, n.1, pp.27-33. ISSN 2174-0550.  http://dx.doi.org/10.5093/clysa2018a5.

The prevalence of alcohol use disorders in university students is alarmingly high. Screening instruments are fundamental for both, epidemiological research and clinical practice. The aim of this article is to compare the performance of the most widely used screening instruments (AUDIT, AUDIT-C, TWEAK, RAPS-QF, and CAGE) in Argentinean university students. Screening tests, along with the Alcohol Section of the Composite International Diagnostic Interview that yields DSM 5 compatible diagnoses were administered to a probabilistic sample (N = 2,430) of university students from a national public university. The following characteristics were evaluated among others: optimal cut-off points, sensitivity, specificity, internal consistency, temporal stability, and item presence and discrimination capacity. The global appraisal of results suggests that the AUDIT and RAPS-QF would be preferable for evaluating AUD in this population.

Keywords : Alcohol use; AUDIT; Screening; University; Argentina.

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