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Clínica y Salud

On-line version ISSN 2174-0550Print version ISSN 1130-5274

Abstract

VALLEJO-SANCHEZ, Beatriz  and  PEREZ-GARCIA, Ana M.. Contribution of neuroticism, pathological personality traits comorbidity, and coping to the prediction of clinical evolution: a five-year follow-up study of a sample of patients with adjustment disorder. Clínica y Salud [online]. 2018, vol.29, n.2, pp.58-62. ISSN 2174-0550.  http://dx.doi.org/10.5093/clysa2018a9.

Numerous studies have found that both personality and the coping strategies used to manage stress have an important role in the development of mental health problems, particularly adjustment disorder (AD). The aim of this study was, firstly, to analyze differences in neuroticism, comorbidity and coping between a group of patients with AD with a favorable clinical course (n = 58) and another with unfavorable evolution (n = 20); and secondly, to analyze whether these variables could predict clinical evolution 5 years later. The group with unfavorable clinical evolution showed a greater neuroticism, more presence of comorbid personality pathological traits, and a greater use of maladaptive coping strategies. Furthermore, the main risk factors to belong to the group with unfavorable evolution were greater neuroticism, presence of comorbidity and the use of denial coping, whereas the use of planning and instrumental support strategies lowered this risk.

Keywords : Personality; Coping; Adjustment disorder; Longitudinal study.

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