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Clínica y Salud

On-line version ISSN 2174-0550Print version ISSN 1130-5274

Abstract

BALLESTEROS, Francisco  and  LABRADOR, Francisco J.. Psychological analysis of techniques used in the social phobia disorder in a psychology health center. Clínica y Salud [online]. 2018, vol.29, n.2, pp.71-80. ISSN 2174-0550.  http://dx.doi.org/10.5093/clysa2018a11.

The purpose of this study is to analyze psychological treatment in social phobia, identifying levels of effectiveness, treatment length, treatment cost and techniques used. The sample consists of 51 patients, average age 30.14 (SD = 8.309), mainly women (60.8%), single (78.4%), and students (64.7%). Descriptive analyses for sociodemographic characteristics and therapy cost were performed; besides, the sample was divided into two groups (patients who achieved discharge and patients who dropped-out), and differences between the two groups were made. Finally, cluster analysis techniques were performed and multivariate analyses were conducted to know what techniques predicted therapeutic success. Of the patients, 61% are discharged, with an average duration of 20 sessions and a treatment cost of €1,200. The techniques which predict success are exposure and use of other techniques (p < .05). The use of protocols for social phobia which include the aforementioned techniques is suggested.

Keywords : Social phobia; Evidence-based treatments; Effectiveness; Psychological techniques.

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