versión impresa ISSN 1131-5768
GARRIDO ELUSTONDO, S. et al. Results of Smoking Cessation Program in Primary Health Care. Medifam [online]. 2003, vol.13, n.1, pp.31-36. ISSN 1131-5768.
Background: the intervention of health workers in smoking cessation is recomended by different health organizations. Objectives: to study the percentage of participans that stop smoking finished program and 3, 6 and 12 months later, to count the decrease of the daily cigarettes smoked and study the predicting factors of smoking cessation Material and methods: patients: all the participants of groups developed since February 1999 to May 2000. The intervention consist in six sesions of 90 minutes each one. Variables for each participant: sex, age, daily number of cigarettes, number of cigarettes measured at finished intervention and after 3 months, 6 months and a year. Results: number of participants: 143, 80 males and 63 women. Age: mean 50, SD 12.7, number of daily cigarettes: mean 25, SD 13.5. Give up on the intervention 44, 30.8% of participants. Analizing only who finished the intervention, stopped smoking 62 (62.6%) after intervention and 33 (33.3%), 29 (29.3%), and 25 (27.5%) at 3, 6, and 12 months. The mean of the decreased of the number of cigarettes is 20.2, 14.4, 11.5, and 11 finished the intervention and after 3, 6, and 12 months. In males, age acts as predicting factor of smoking cessation OR 1.02 (1-1.03) p=0.4. Conclusions: the percentage of participants who stop smoking is satisfactory although the number of desertions is high. We are planning to established estrategies in order to decreased the desertions and improve the results of the intervention.
Palabras clave : Smoking cessation; Intervention; Group education; Primary Health Care.