versión impresa ISSN 1132-0559
GOMEZ-JARABO GARCIA, G. et al. Indicators of cognitive improvement in the Urbanita Project, a specific model of socio-labour integration of persons with intellectual disabilities. Psychosocial Intervention [online]. 2008, vol.17, n.1, pp.75-89. ISSN 1132-0559.
Urbanita I and Urbanita of Accessibility are models of labour integration. They consist in the generation of new jobs specifically defined for persons with intellectual disability who develop a specific function in the municipal organization chart. The phases of the project are: evaluation, training, work with a tutor and autonomous work. In this article we describe the indicators of cognitive improvement after the evaluation in two moments of the program. The first evaluation took place in October 2005 (pre-test) and the second one (post-test) in December 2006, i.e. 14 months later. The participants were 17 persons with mental retardation who take part of the Urbanita Project in Valdemoro (Madrid). The tests used in the evaluation were the neuropsychological battery Luria-DNA and the Kaufman Brief Intelligence Test (K-BIT). The results show an improvement in some scales of the Luria-DNA: spatial orientation, thematic draws, conceptual activity and IQ, and in the matrix scale of the K-BIT. The data reveal changes in most of the scales. We analysed these improvements in function of the training and the work developed by the urbanites in the pre-post period.
Palabras clave : Labour integration; Intellectual disability; Cognitive functions.