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Psychosocial Intervention

versión impresa ISSN 1132-0559

Resumen

VILLARREAL-GONZALEZ, María Elena; SANCHEZ-SOSA, Juan Carlos; MUSITU, Gonzalo  y  VARELA, Rosa. Alcohol Consumption Among Scholarized Adolescents: A Socio-Communitarian Model. Psychosocial Intervention [online]. 2010, vol.19, n.3, pp.253-264. ISSN 1132-0559.

The aim of this study is to analyze the relationships that the individual, family, social and school variables have with the risk of alcohol consumption among adolescents. This is an explanatory causal study. The sample consisted of 1,245 adolescents of both sexes drawn from two secondary level and two pre-university level educational institutions, and were all aged between 12 and 17 years old. Stratified probability sampling was used, taking into account the proportion of students in each grade, level, group and timetable. To analyze the data, a structural equation model was calculated that explained 66% of the variance. The results showed that community social support and family functioning were indirectly related to alcohol consumption. The former was positively and significantly related, through friends' support and also alcohol use by family and friends, while the latter was related through two paths: firstly, a positive and significant relationship, with family support and alcohol use by family and friends and, secondly, positively through school adjustment and school self-esteem which was negatively related with alcohol consumption. A significant and positive relationship was also observed between family functioning and social support. The results are discussed in terms of the most relevant studies on the subject of this research and the methodological limitations of this study are also considered.

Palabras clave : risk consumption; alcohol; family functioning; school adjustment; academic self-esteem; community support; adolescents.

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