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Psychosocial Intervention

versión impresa ISSN 1132-0559

Resumen

SANCHEZ-SOSA, Juan Carlos; VILLARREAL-GONZALEZ, María Elena; MUSITU, Gonzalo  y  MARTINEZ FERRER, Belen. Suicidal Ideation among Adolescents: A Psychosocial Analysis. Intervención Psicosocial [online]. 2010, vol.19, n.3, pp.279-287. ISSN 1132-0559.

This study tested a model of suicidal ideation in adolescents through a transverse type explanatory study. A stratified random sample of 1285 Mexican students from middle and high school was used. The questionnaires had an acceptable reliability index. The model is contrasted using the structural equations technique and the statistical package EQS 6.1, which explained the 33.10 of variance. The results showed satisfactory levels of absolute goodness of fit (RMSEA =. 41, GFI =. 953, AGFI =. 939) and comparative goodness of fit (CFI =. 951, IFI =. 958; NFI =. 925, NNFI =. 943). Finally, the Psychosocial Suicide Ideation Model (MEPIS, in Spanish) conforms well to the data and was compatible with the theoretical model proposed, in that it integrates a contextual structure showing a significant indirect relationship of family functioning and problems of school integration with the dependent variable. In addition, it was also observed that there was a direct and significant relation between school victimization, depressive symptoms, eating risk behavior and suicidal ideation.

Palabras clave : adolescence; family; psychosocial factors; school; suicidal ideation.

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