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Psychosocial Intervention

On-line version ISSN 2173-4712Print version ISSN 1132-0559

Abstract

RUIZ-ROBLEDILLO, Nicolás  and  MOYA-ALBIOL, Luis. Gestational surrogacy: Psychosocial aspects. Psychosocial Intervention [online]. 2016, vol.25, n.3, pp.187-193. ISSN 2173-4712.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.psi.2016.05.001.

Innovation in assisted reproductive technologies together with increased infertility and new family structures are increasing the use of gestational surrogacy as a means to have children. Before, during and after the process, it is necessary to study the psychosocial characteristics of triad members: the gestational surrogate, intended parents, and offspring. Research has indicated positive adaptation to the process and benefits for all members of the triad. Altruism is the main motivation of surrogates. Notably, psychological well-being has been found to be higher in individuals who have become parents through surrogacy than in those who have used egg donation or have followed a natural process of conception. Moreover, no differences in psychosocial characteristics have been observed in the offspring, compared with children born through natural conception or egg donation. Results highlight the positive aspects of surrogacy. Future research should investigate psychosocial factors that modulate the process, acting as risk and protective factors for well-being of the triad members, and identify the optimal profiles of surrogates for the process to be a success.

Keywords : Surrogacy; Intended parents; Offspring; Altruism; Empathy; Self-efficacy.

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