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Index de Enfermería

versión impresa ISSN 1132-1296

Resumen

LINARES-ABAD, Manuel; MORAL-GUTIERREZ, Inés; MEDINA-ARJONA, Encarnación  y  CONTRERAS-GILA, Salvador. Ethnographic inventory of the traditional midwives of mountain Mágina: approach to their relationship with the titled midwives. Index Enferm [online]. 2005, vol.14, n.51, pp.10-14. ISSN 1132-1296.

Introduction. The cares to the women during the childbirth have been traditionally borrowed for women. The traditional midwives have played a decisive paper in the attendance to the birth in the communities where they lived as long as the installation of the sanitary professions. We seek therefore, to take out to the light the identity of a women of a concrete district, Mountain Mágina (Jaén) and the relationship that they maintained with titled midwives contributing to the history of the agents of the birth from the category of gender analysis. Method. It’s a microanalysis carried out between the months of January and August of 2004 with technical of ethnographic research. The study environment is the district of Mágina and the study object the traditional midwives. Results. We have rescued of the collective memory and of the own main characters the names and/or nicknames of 41 midwives that They exercised in Mountain Mágina from principle until half-filled of the XX century. Conclusions. In Mágina there has been a great number of traditional midwives without academic formation that they have lent their services to the community in the first half of the XX century. There was variety of relationships with the titled midwives, influenced by diverse factors.

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